Statistics of Asia

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Статистика Азии на примере Японии и Китая в сфере образования.
Asia - the largest part of the world forms together with Europe Eurasia continent.

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Plekhanov Russian Economic University

Subject: Statistics










Theme: “Education in Asia. Statistics of Japan and China”.

Work was performed by

Akatova Irina 2101


Belaya Marina Lvovna






Moscow 2013



Statistics of Asia.

Asia - the largest part of the world forms together with Europe Eurasia continent.

Japan has one of the world’s most educated populations. They currently have a 100% enrollment rate in required education and 0% illiteracy. Although it is not required, the high school (koukou) enrollment rate is over 96% nationwide and almost 100% in the cities. The high school drop out rate is roughly 2% and has been rising.


For you to understand Japan’s population is 127 817 277 (2011 г.). 
About 46% of all high school graduates in Japan go on to a university or junior college. At universities, the amount of percentage of male students is higher than female students while it is just the opposite at junior colleges. The number of graduate university students in Japan is relatively low. 
Pre-school education.  
Kindergarten education is for children aged 3-5 years. Preschool education is not compulsory and is mainly provided by private institutions.

Primary education

Elementary education is the first stage of compulsory schooling and all children between the ages of 6 and 12 are required to attend elementary school for six years.

Secondary education

Lower secondary education is the final stage of compulsory schooling and caters to pupils between 12 and 15 years. All students having completed the three-year lower secondary programme are entitled to apply to upper secondary schools (through the high school entrance examinations) or colleges of technology. There are three types of upper secondary school programmes : full-time (lasting three years), part-time and correspondence.

According to national data in 2009, there were 5,183 secondary schools with 3,347,311 students enrolled and 239,342 teachers(of whom 69,198 were females). The average student-teacher ratio was near 14.:1

Higher education

Institutions in Japan include universities(Daigaki) , junior colleges(Tanki-Daigaki) and colleges of technology.

Today students study in 550 universities in the country, of which over 400 are private institutions. The total number of students in Japan is more than 2.5 million people. Some of the schools are junior colleges (two-year training cycle), the usual college (four-year cycle of training) and technical colleges (the duration of the program of study is about 5 years old). But are the Japanese higher education has traditionally been trained only in the university.

One of the most prestigious institutions of higher education is the state University of Tokyo, which was established in 1877 and today has 11 faculties, 30 000 students and 5 campuses. The most famous and popular destinations are legal and Philology. At this university had learned a great many Japanese politicians, several Nobel Prize winners.

Fees in Japanese universities for international students varies from 500 to 800 thousand yen per year. The most expensive cost to study economics, medicine, philology. The cost of living in the dormitory of the University of Tokyo is 45-60 thousand yen per year. Rental apartments in Tokyo is 90-120 thousand yen per month (including utilities). The cost of food and stuff are about 70-90 thousand yen a month, depending on the city where the university is located.


Some of the figures are remarkable. The number of annual graduates has increased by six times, from 1.1 million to 6.1 million between 2001 and 2009, thanks in large part to increased government spending. Degree holders now represent 7.4 percent of the total population, with overall literacy standing at 92.2 percent.

China’s literacy rate: (age 15+ who can read and write) 
total population: 91.6% 
male: 95.7% 
female: 87.6% 
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education): 
male: 11 years 
female: 12 years (2009) 
Education expenditures: 
1.9% of GDP 
Global rank: #172


Literacy rate defined as knowledge of 1,500 Chinese characters in rural locations and 2,000 characters in urban areas.

Before the Communist party took power in 1949, about 80% of China’s population was illiterate. Enrollment rate was below 20% for elementary school and about 6% of junior secondary school.

Today, Chinese youth (15-24 years) have a 99% literacy rate.


Students from Shanghai’s schools outperformed those from 65 countries/regions, according to report by the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD), which has tested high-school students since 2000. Shanghai students were followed by Korea (#2), Finland (#3), Hong Kong (#4), and Canada (#5). U.S. students ranked #24.


China has about 400 million students today.

Chinese children typically start their formal education at age two. 
By the first semester of first grade, students are expected to recognize 400 Chinese characters and write 100 of them. 
The number of students in China enrolled in degree courses has risen from 1 million in 1997 to 5 million today. 
The number of higher-education institutions in China has more than doubled in the past decade, from 1,022 to 2,263. 
Today, China has over 2,000 universities and colleges.

Chinese students (over 127,000) are the largest group of foreign students in America’s universities. But only about 14,000 American students are studying in China. However, American students studying Chinese has continued to grow steadily.

China has over 1,200,000 IT professionals and is adding 400,000 technical graduates each year. 
China has around 170,000 certified lawyers, 12,000 law firms, and 300+ law schools.


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